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Diazepam - Valium

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Valium Profile:

Valium is used in the treatment of anxiety disorders and for short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety. Valium belongs to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines.

Valium is also used to relieve the symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal, to relax muscles, to relieve the uncontrolled muscle movements caused by cerebral palsy and paralysis of the lower body and limbs, to control involuntary movement of the hands (athetosis), to relax tight, aching muscles, and, along with other medications, to treat convulsive disorders such as epilepsy.

Take this medicine only as directed by your doctor . Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. If too much is taken, it may become habit-forming (causing mental or physical dependence).

Valium Dosing:

The dose of benzodiazepines will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of benzodiazepines. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The number of tablets depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are taking Valium.

For anxiety:

Adults — 2 to 10 mg two to four times a day.

Children 6 months of age and older — Dose is based on body weight or size and must be determined by your doctor.

Children younger than 6 months of age — Use is not recommended.

Older adults — 2 to 2.5 mg one or two times a day. Your doctor may increase your dose if needed.

For sedation during withdrawal from alcohol:

Adults — At first, 10 mg three or four times a day. Your doctor will set up a schedule that will gradually decrease your dose.

Children — Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

For control of seizures:

Adults — 2 to 10 mg two to four times a day.

Children 6 months of age and older — Dose is based on body weight or size and must be determined by your doctor.

Children younger than 6 months of age — Use is not recommended.

Older adults — 2 to 2.5 mg one or two times a day. Your doctor may increase your dose if needed.

For relaxing muscles:

Adults — 2 to 10 mg three or four times a day.

Children 6 months of age and older — Dose is based on body weight or size and must be determined by your doctor.

Children younger than 6 months of age — Use is not recommended.

Older adults — 2 to 2.5 mg one or two times a day. Your doctor may increase your dose if needed.

Missed dose of Valium:

If you miss a dose of Valium, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage - To store Valium:

  • Keep out of the reach of children.
  • Store away from heat and direct light.
  • Do not store in the bathroom, near the kitchen sink, or in other damp places. Heat or moisture may cause the medicine to break down.
  • Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed. Be sure that any discarded medicine is out of the reach of children.

Valium Side Effects:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:

Blurred vision; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; fatigue; headaches; in-coordination; short-term memory loss; or weakness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); anxiety; chest pain; difficulty breathing; difficulty sleeping; difficulty speaking; hallucinations; inability to control urination; increased muscle spasms; interrupted breathing; involuntary eye movement; sleep disturbances; stimulation; sudden rage; yellowing of the skin or eyes.